Insulin is a hormone produced by an organ called the pancreas. Insulin helps move a sugar called glucose from the blood vessels into the body’s cells for use as energy. Diabetes occurs when the body cannot make or respond to insulin and glucose builds up in the blood. High blood glucose can injure the kidneys, eyes, blood vessels and other parts of the body.

People with type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes must administer insulin to themselves daily. Methods of administration include syringe injections, insulin pumps and insulin pens.

Common Concepts about Diabetes

1. Describe insulin and what it does in the body?
2. What is diabetes and what are its types?
3. Who gets diabetes and what are its symptoms?
4. What are the tests available for diabetes?
5. What are the complications of diabetes?
6. What happens if there is poor blood sugar management?
7. What is diabetes during pregnancy and how to manage it?
8. What is hypo and hyperglycemia?
9. What is low blood sugar?

Role of Medical Therapy in Diabetes

10. What are the medicines available for type I diabetes?
11. What are the medicines available for type II diabetes?
12. Can one take more than one diabetes pill at a time?
13. How to know if the medicines for diabetes are working?

Insulin Therapy in Diabetes

14. Who needs insulin in type II diabetes?
15. How much insulin is needed in type II diabetes?
16. For how long is insulin required in type II diabetes?
17. What types of insulin are available?
18. Does insulin work the same for all times?
19. Where to Inject the Insulin?
20. How and when to inject insulin?

Managing Your Insulin and Medications

21. How to store insulin?
22. Demonstrate technique for mixing and drawing up insulin.
23. Identify age appropriate injection sites.
24. Instruct injection technique.

Fine tune Your Insulin Therapy

25. What problems arise through insulin injections?
26. Describe when and how to increase or decrease insulin doses?
27. Explain insulin adjustments using blood sugar records.
28. List two factors which effect blood sugars and the appropriate insulin adjustments.
29. What