Diabetic neuropathy is a result of damage to the nerves that often affects people with diabetes. It can occur in patients with either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetic patients and can often lead to damaged nerves in the legs and feet, however high blood sugar can also lead to damaged nerves throughout the body.
The symptoms of this very serious condition can depend on the type of nerves affected. These symptoms might be mild for some people, but in others painful or even fatal.
Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy may include numbness and pain in hands, arms, sex organs, the urinary tract, heart, blood vessels and the digestive system.
Diabetic Neuropathy Treatment
Unfortunately there is no cure for diabetic neuropathy. It can only be prevented or its effects reduced from getting worse by living a healthy lifestyle and also by tightly controlling the level of your blood sugar so that it is within the target range.
Treatment focuses mainly on controlling the blood sugar levels so that it is within the normal or target range and also to prevent the effects from getting worse.
In order to keep blood sugar within a normal range, diabetics are often monitored by their doctor, exercise, enhance their diet and consume oral medication or insulin.
It’s important for those with this condition to properly care for their feet, as this may cause their feet to loss feeling.
Oral medications are often used for pain relief and can greatly reduce nerve pain. However some medications are not recommended for those who suffer from heart disease or old age due to consequent side effects.
In all cases of diabetic neuropathy a cure is very unrealistic. The reason this disease has no cure is because it involves damaged nerves. Treatment aims at lowering the progression, providing pain relief and finally treating any complications. Therefore, there is only symptomatic management of the disease in addition to prevention of complications.
Treatment for Reducing Progression
It is important to lower its progression. In order to achieve that, health care workers in collaboration with the diabetic patients should focus on maintaining blood glucose levels within a normal range.
All diabetic patients should have access to blood sugar measuring devices. There are several blood testing kits available for patients which can be used in the absence of a health care professional.
Normally, the glucose level in the blood should be from 3 to around 15 mmol/L when fasting. Any deviation out of the range should be an indicator to seek medical intervention. On the same line, doctors can train the patients to master the normal glucose ranges. For instance, one’s blood sugars should be around eight mmol/L during bed time, slightly less than 10 an hour after meals and 3 – 7 before having a meal. Once the patients know this, it can be simple to detect a problem on their own while at home concerning the blood sugar levels.
Other than monitoring the sugar levels, there are several steps, which are important in the control of the very blood sugars.
- Use of insulin. Insulin injections can be important in diabetic patients specifically when the blood sugars are beyond the high limit. The intervention reduces the sugars back to normal ranges.
- Eating a healthy diet that is designed by both the patient and a nutritionist can help maintain normal blood sugar levels.
- Controlling the blood pressure, something that doesn’t only complicate diabetes, but also cause a heart disease.
- Regular physical exercise can help in the consumption of calories for energy production in addition to preventing