Diabetes is a potentially dangerous condition that is characterized by elevated levels of glucose in the blood.
Certain risk factors may increase a person’s chance of developing diabetes. A family history of diabetes, being over the age of forty-five, obesity, polycystic ovary disease, high cholesterol, and leading a sedentary life are factors that increase the risk of diabetes.
The following article aims to provide statistics about diabetes, to spread awareness on the prevalence of this common condition in the United States and for those who are vulnerable.
- It is estimated that over twenty million Americans have diabetes. That is roughly 7% of the population.
- Diabetes is caused by the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the body not responding normally to insulin. There are three types of diabetes.
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Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas fails to produce the necessary amount of insulin. Type 1 diabetes is sometimes called juvenile diabetes because the condition of the pancreas not producing insulin is often present at birth.
- Some 1.6 million Americans are living with type 1 diabetes. This includes about 200,000 youth (under 20 years of age) and more than 1 million adults (20+ years of age).
- 64,000 people are diagnosed each year in the U.S.
- 5 million people in the U.S. are expected to have type 1 diabetes by the year 2050 (including nearly 600,000 youth).
- Between 2001-2009, there was a 2% increase in the type 1 diabetes for people under age 20.
- Less than 1/3 of people with type 1 diabetes in the U.S. are consistently achieving target blood-glucose control levels.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by the muscles, fat, and liver cells failing to respond normally to the insulin that is produced. Type 2 diabetes has been known as adult onset diabetes with adults over the age of forty-five at the highest risk. However, there has been an increase in the number of young adults developing type 2 diabetes.
- According to the CDC, 90 to 95 percent (over 30 million) of people with diabetes in the United States have type 2.
- Gestational diabetes occurs when a pregnant woman develops abnormally high blood sugar levels. This condition is usually resolved after the birth of the baby.
- Pre-diabetes is a precursor to diabetes in which the patient has abnormally high blood sugar levels that are not high enough for a diagnosis of the condition. It affects up to forty million Americans and quite possibly more.
- Certain risk factors may increase a person’s chance of developing diabetes. A family history of diabetes, being over the age of forty-five, obesity, polycystic ovary disease, high cholesterol, and leading a sedentary life are factors that increase the risk of diabetes.
- Some experts believe that seven million or 2% have diabetes and have never been diagnosed or treated for the condition.
- Diabetes is slightly more common in men than women.
- Almost 12% of men over the age of twenty have diabetes.
- About 10% of women over the age of twenty have diabetes.
- Statistics show that people who are over the age of 45 are at the greatest risk for developing diabetes, but there is an increase in cases of diabetes in young adults.
Diabetes by race/ethnicity
Other than white people, some races have a higher incidence of diabetes. There is an increased risk among Asian Americans, African-Americans, American Indians, Hispanics, Pacific Islanders, and Native Alaskans.
The rates of diagnosed diabetes in adults by race/ethnic background are:
- 7.5% of non-Hispanic whites
- 9.2% of Asian Americans
- 12.5% of Hispanics
- 11.7% of non-Hispanic blacks
- 14.7% of American Indians/Alaskan Natives
Diabetes Side Effects
- Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness and kidney failure.
- Diabetes also damages the blood vessels which can make wounds take a long time to heal. If a wound goes undetected and becomes severely infected, the diab